Pregnancy and childbirth in a dog
Before every dog breeder, sooner or later the question arises: do you want to knit or not to knit a dog ??
Before you bind your pet, think about what you will do with the puppies, whether you will find owners for them, and whether it will turn out that your puppies will increase the army of unclaimed animals. Very often people knit their pets, in the hope that they will either take the puppies apart, or in case of emergency, take them to the Bird Market, and give them “good uncles and aunts” to pay for them to attach them … But in fact, the fate of such puppies, and indeed animals are very sad … if they don’t find new owners in a day, they will either be left in boxes or taken away to the forest … Rare “virtues-dealers” bring them to their homes to try to give them away the next day, and all puppies, kittens, are together, and therefore having visited the Bird Market, they have every chance of catching a plague, interite and other infections, repelling each other, the next time you can take a hopelessly sick puppy or kitten that will not last a week … Therefore, a huge appeal to people planning to mate an animal … think about those little souls that you let into this world, possibly dooming to imminent death ..
The situation is different when mating high-breed representatives of the canine world, of course there is every chance to arrange a puppy. Here we’ll talk about using a dog to improve the breed, the more merits a dog has, the more expensive the mating services can be, but usually not more than the amount of money you are going to bail for puppies, there are special compensation arrangements that provide the owner male to choose the best puppy from the litter in the future.
If you decide to start breeding, remember this is not an easy job, careful care and even sleepless nights.
Many believe that a dog needs to know motherhood at least once for its health, in fact, this is not so, and there is no medical evidence for this. The nature of the dog is arranged in such a way that this one time can exactly the other way undermine its health, many dogs then begin to suffer from false pregnancies, hormonal changes, and even tumor diseases, the health benefits are achieved only if the dog gives birth at least 3-4 times, but with the condition of good nutrition and care for it during this period.
If you decide to acquire offspring, the first thing to remember is that a dog or a bitch of mixed breeds will not give offspring similar to parents, the more mixtures of breeds in a dog, the more genetic variants of the species of future offspring, even in one litter completely different puppies have little in common with their parents. Do not buy the call of your friends who want a dog “like this”, the chances of getting a similar puppy are negligible.
Now a little about physiology: The first estrus in most dogs occurs at 6-8 months of life. But do not rush to knit at this age, this can adversely affect the development and growth of the dog’s body. The duration of the interval from one estrus to another is approximately 5-8 months, but fluctuations are not excluded.
The most favorable age for mating is 2-2.5 years. A few days before estrus, the pet’s behavior changes, it may be anxious and ask to walk more often, then vaginal discharge appears, at first usually light, and by the 10th-11th day in the form of an anemone. This time is the most favorable for mating, but at the same time the most dangerous, if you do not want puppies, it is at this time that your girl begins to let boys in and even strive for them herself.
Usually the dog is knitted for 10-11 days, and after a day you can do a second, so-called control mating.
The duration of pregnancy is an average of 63 days, but the figure may vary depending on the breed, the health of the dog and the development of puppies, but not more than 67 days.
In a week, the expectant mother may increase her appetite, during this period she needs special care and the food should be varied and nutritious, it is very good to give special vitamins and fermented milk products rich in calcium.
By about the fifth week, her nipples and mammary glands swell, the volume of the abdomen increases.
In the last stages of pregnancy, it will be quite difficult for your pet to “endure” and wait for walking, it is not always possible to take it outside more often, be careful not to scold or punish the dog if it has not suffered and has done its “home” at home, many dogs instinctively try to hide somewhere, for example under a bed, but the dog may not take into account its changed proportions and dive according to an old habit, while hitting the stomach, which can lead to the death of puppies in the womb, such cases are quite common.
The dog begins to prepare for whelping in a day, it retires, looks for a place, digs it, and often even refuses favorite food.
By the time you whelp, you will need to prepare a place for her, warm, cozy, quiet and where there are no drafts.