Excerpts from the standard.
The Cocker Spaniel is the smallest representative of a dog-friendly (hunting) group of dogs. With a sturdy compact body and a proportional noble head that blends harmoniously with the overall silhouette of the dog. Cocker is a high-ranking dog, he stands firmly on his straight forelimbs; the apex slightly descends from the withers to a strong, muscular croup. He is able to develop significant speed in combination with great stamina. First of all, a cocker should be mobile and cheerful, strong, harmoniously built and active when working in the exhibition ring. A dog harmonious in all respects is preferable than with pronounced advantages and disadvantages.
Height: ideal height at the withers: male – 38 cm, bitches – 35.6 cm. Deviations within 1.3 cm in one direction or another are allowed. The height at the withers is determined by the perpendicular line from the ground to the upper point of the shoulder blades. In this case, the dog is in a stance, forelimbs and metatarsals are set parallel to the measurement line. Adult males whose height is less than 36.8 cm and adult females whose height is less than 34.3 cm must be fined. Disqualifying Vices. Male more than 39.4 cm; female – more than 36.8 cm. Proportions – the distance from the shoulder-shoulder joint to the sciatic tubercle is slightly greater than the distance from the withers to the ground. The body should be so long as to allow wide, free and straightforward movement; the dog should not look either stretched or squat.
Head: harmoniously folded, proportional to all parts of the body and meets the following requirements.
The expression of the eyes is smart, attentive, cheerful, soft and touching.
Eyes – the eyeball is round, large; eyes look straight ahead. The eyelid incision is slightly almond-shaped; the eye should be neither sunken nor convex. The color of the iris is dark brown, the darker the better.
Ears: lobed, long, thin, covered with thick hair, set on the line of the outer corner of the eye.
The skull is round, but not spherical and not flat; the superciliary arches are raised, emphasizing the sharp transition from the forehead to the muzzle. The bone structure under the eyes is emphasized, the cheekbones do not protrude. The muzzle is wide and deep, square format, with strong jaws. The length of the muzzle is equal to half the length of the skull.
The nose is large, harmoniously combined with the muzzle and facial section of the skull; the nostrils are wide open, typical of a dog. The nose is black in black, black and tan, and white and black dogs; in dogs of a different color, it may be brown, liver or black; the darker the better. The color of the nose should be in harmony with the color of the edges of the eyelids (eye rim).
The upper lip is dense, deep enough to cover the lower jaw.
Teeth strong, healthy, not too small; scissor bite.
Neck: long enough so that the dog can easily reach the ground, muscular, without suspension. She rises steeply from her shoulders and bends at the place of smooth connection with her head.
The top line is slightly sloping towards the muscular croup.
Body – chest deep, its lower point is not higher than the elbow joint, wide enough to provide ample space for the heart and lung, but not so much as to interfere with the free movement of the forelimbs. Ribs are long, rounded. The back is strong, straight and slightly sloping from the withers to the base of the docked tail. The tail is docked, set and held on the back line or slightly higher, but never up (like terriers) or tightened (indicating shyness). In motion, the tail is animated.
Belt of the forelimbs:
The shoulder blades are set obliquely, at an angle of about 90 degrees, which allows the dog to move easily, with good extension of the limbs. The blades are dry, inclined, located close to each other in the upper part of the withers at an angle that allows good elasticity and sufficient convexity of the ribs; withers expressed. When viewed from the side, when the forelimbs are upright, the elbows are directly under the withers. The forelimbs are set parallel to each other, straight, with a strong skeleton, muscular, elbows pressed to the body, set right under the withers. Metacarpus short, strong. Fifth fingers on the forelimbs can be removed. Paws are compact, large, round, strong, without sweep or clubfoot; claws are strong.
Hind limb belt:
The croup is wide, round, muscular. When viewed from the rear, the hind limbs are parallel to each other, whether the dog is stationary or in motion. The hind limbs are strong-boned, muscular, with clear angles of the knee joints and powerful, strong hips. The knee joints are strong, strong, both in the stance and in motion, not turned in or out. The hocks are strong, low down. Dewclaws on the hind legs can be removed.
On the head is short and soft; on the body of medium length with a dense undercoat that protects well from the weather. On the ears, chest, abdomen and limbs, the coat is thicker and longer, but not so much as to hide the true shape of the cocker and its movement, as well as distort the appearance and functions of the hunting dog.