Drasty ….. I’m an English Cocker
The history of English cocker spaniels dates back several thousand years. It is believed that the ancestor of modern dogs is the so-called ash dog. The ash dog lived in the Bronze Age, for the first time its remains were found in ash, hence the name. Apparently, people sacrificed these dogs to the gods of hunting by burning them at the stake. Of course, most of the dogs survived, as they were widely used in hunting, and, accordingly, were serious helpers in the survival of mankind on the planet.
In the future, similar dogs are found in Greece. These were not tall dogs, with long hair and saggy ears, which were actively used in hunting. Dogs were quite widespread, up to Iberia (the ancient kingdom, which was located on the territory of one of the regions of modern Georgia), then the dogs came to Europe and, to England, respectively.
Naturally, people then did not know anything about genetics, so the selection was carried out only by working qualities, if simpler, then they propagated only those dogs that hunted better. As time passed, the appearance of the spaniels was more or less formed, however, in different regions people preferably hunted different game, respectively, and the signs fixed different, which is why two types of spaniels gradually formed:
– land spaniels, – those who hunted mainly on land
– water spaniels – which were used when hunting on water, usually for game birds
These two types of spaniels are mentioned in the writings of such great minds as Chaucer and Shakespeare.
There is another theory that says that spaniels originated in Spain, hence the name, but plausible facts that would confirm this have not yet been found.
If historians have not figured out the word spaniel yet, then everything is clear with the word cocker, it’s a forest bird, for which these dogs were bred at the very beginning.
In the 18-19 centuries there was a real “BOOM” of breeding work, it was at this time that the majority of spaniel breeds were formed. Here I will make a reservation that the bases were formed, on the basis of which the breeds of spaniels that we see today were bred.
In 1885, breed lovers formed the club of the English Cocker Spaniel, and began active work on creating a standard and bringing individuals to this standard.
In 1893, the first official English Cocker Spaniel standard was published, but the breed was recognized by FCI only in 1974.
It should be noted that the English cockers were taken to America, where breeders did work different from the one carried out by the English club. And this led to the fact that in 1935 it became completely clear that the English and American cocker spaniels are completely different species, but more on that in another article.
Appearance and character.
Outwardly, these are small dogs, weighing 11-15 kg, with a small head, long ears that can reach the tip of the nose if pulled forward. The eyes are large, expressive, you can always understand what your dog is thinking, just looking into her eyes.
Until recently, the tail was docked without fail, now in some countries of the world this procedure is prohibited, in others, the final decision remains with the owner.
As for character, the English Cocker Spaniel is a cheerful, playful dog with an unlimited supply of energy. He is always friendly and it seems that even in a dream he smiles.
English cockers are very attached to their masters, so they are very suitable for single people to whom they will become excellent companions. The friendliness and sociability of the English Cocker Spaniel makes him a wonderful dog for the whole family, he loves and appreciates every member of the family, especially likes to communicate with children, from whom he will tolerate absolutely everything (however, you should not abuse his patience).
It is very important to understand that this is still a hunter, so he always runs after birds, lizards, hedgehogs and everything else that can move, so keep this in mind when you walk him.