What a true gentleman with a hunting instinct looks like
The English Cocker Spaniel is a hunting breed, a favorite of the royal family of Great Britain, even Prince William and Kate Middleton have their own pet Lupo. All animals born in the royal nursery receive the Sandringham prefix (also called the estate in which this nursery is located).
This is a compact, well-balanced square-format dog, growth – in the range of 38-41 centimeters, weight – 12.7-14.5 kg. The backbone is strong, the muscles are well developed.
At the end of the XIX century, black was in fashion, but after the adoption of a standard that allowed a variety of stripes, individuals of various colors began to appear: black, liver, red, roan of various shades, black and tan, as well as mixed.
Coat of medium length that does not interfere with work in the field. The coat is straight, wavy is allowed. The undercoat is well developed. Along the lower part of the body – a skirt (longer outer hair), on the paws of the fringe. A defect is considered to be curly, wire-like or fluffy outer hair, as well as the lack of undercoat.
A head with a clearly marked transition from the forehead to the muzzle, although not as sharp as that of the American counterparts, but not as smooth as, for example, the collie. The dome of the skull is close to the oval, but flattened at the top. In this case, a wide and flat skull is unacceptable. The muzzle is rectangular, well filled, its jaw part in profile approaches a square. Lips with dry brylya.
Ears hang on thin cartilage, fit snugly to the head. The base of the ear is at eye level.
The movements are light, graceful, it seems that the dog soars without touching the ground. Cockers are characterized by a light gallop.
The limbs are bony, powerful, with the right angles, well-defined joints.
en-cockIn recent years, cocker spaniels are increasingly kept at home as a companion. But the hunting qualities, inherited, are fully manifested: they like to port items, they are happy to explore the area.
They can be taught any tricks, because their intelligence is very high. They take part in sports competitions with pleasure: agility or frisbee, and if suddenly the owner is going to hunt, he will make him company.
They are sociable, easily get along with other pets, adapt to the character of each family member. Thanks to the cute appearance and funny expression of the pet’s eyes, the owners forgive him a lot.
Viciousness and cowardice are absolutely not their nature, and are considered a vice by standard.
Maintenance and care
The main thing that owners should remember is that you should not overfeed your pet. The craving for food is inherent in most cockers, and they quickly understand how to soften the owner and get an extra piece of something tasty. In combination with a sedentary lifestyle, this leads to obesity, lethargy and low activity. Therefore, for a long and healthy life, it is necessary to limit the pet in treats, strictly adhere to the diet.
Spaniel wool requires regular care: combing, cutting, trimming. Teaching the baby to the groomer’s table, to patient expectation and calm behavior on the table must begin from the first months of life.
Even daily pet care is relatively time-consuming: it is combing and ear-tying when eating (or you need to buy a special bowl with a narrowed top, unless, of course, there is a desire to wash your ears several times a day).
Hanging ears tightly cover the auricle, so they need to be checked regularly, cleaned, and if necessary, cut the hairs around the ear canal. In general, the content of a cocker spaniel for a beginner is assessed as complex.
Some owners tend to trim the hair on their backs so that their pet looks exactly like dogs at the show. This is a big mistake: you can’t cut the hair on the back, you need to comb it out from the undercoat so that the rest of the hair rests tightly.
Once cut off, the outer hair will never lie properly, and the expert has the right to lower the mark at the exhibition for incorrect preparation.
It is advisable to start cutting the puppy as early as possible, some breeders give the babies to the new family, already correctly trimmed. The sooner the dog gets used to this procedure, the easier it will be to transfer it in the future.
Cockers live 11-12 years, this is not much, especially compared to other breeds of the same size. The main causes of death are oncology and heart problems.
There are diseases specific to cockers:
inherited nephropathy, manifested before the age of 18 months;
progressive retinal atrophy.
Dogs of mixed colors are prone to deafness.
Experienced breeders test manufacturers for the maximum number of diseases encountered in the lines with which they work. When choosing a puppy, one should pay attention not only to the pedigrees and titles of his parents, but also to their health, and also to take into account the availability of relevant certificates.