Small dog of a hunting breed.
The American Cocker Spaniel is a direct descendant of the English Cocker Spaniel and first appeared in the 18th century in America.
At that time, the cocker breed was divided into two groups:
cocker (more squat and shallow)
springer (larger with long legs).
In the middle of the 19th century, distinctive pedigree differences began to be distinguished in the genus of spaniels, resulting in the appearance of toy spaniels, clambers and sussexes. At that time, all spaniels, with the exception of the “one,” must be at least 6 kilograms in weight in order to be effective helpers during the hunt.
In 1856, during the American exhibition, cockers first exhibited as a separate class, but over time the breeds were again mixed in both rings and breeding. In 1893, the Cocker Spaniel breed was officially approved by the London Kennel Club. At that time, the cocker spaniels already had a number of pedigree differences that distinguished it from relatives. 1946 – American Club of Dog Breeding, American Cocker Spaniel recognized as a separate breed.
The domestic history of this breed began only in 1977, when the first litter of fawn puppies was born. At that time it was a rare breed, but dog lovers did not stop there, and every year improved the breed. Thanks to the efforts made, today we have a purebred American cocker spaniel.
Description and standard of breed American Cocker Spaniel
Country of Origin: USA.
Application: game dog, companion.
FCI Classification: Group 8 Retrievers, Spaniels and Water Dogs. Section 2 game dogs. Without working trials.
American Cocker Spaniel Close-up
Pictured is an American cocker spaniel with a smart look.
Overall Impression: The American Cocker Spaniel is the smallest dog in the gun group. It is perfectly balanced, has a sturdy compact body, embossed head and good size. The American cocker is graceful, active and cheerful, in movement should show a strong desire for work. He is very hardy and fast.
The distance from the protrusion of the sternum to the sciatic tubercle is slightly longer than the distance from the withers to the ground.
The body should be of sufficient length to provide a straight and free step; the dog should never look long and squat.
Behavior / Temperament: balanced, calm, courageous.
Head: well balanced, looks proportional to the body.
Skull: moderately rounded, but spherical and not close to flatness; superciliary arches distinct. Under the eyes, the head is well filled.
Stop (Transition from forehead to muzzle): well defined.
Nose: good size, proportional to the face and face, with wide open nostrils typical of sports dogs.
the color of the nose in black, black and tan, and black and white dogs is black.
in dogs of other colors, the nose is brown, liver or black, the darker the better.
the color of the nose should be in harmony with the color of the eyelids.
Three black puppies in a basket
Puppies of the American Cocker Spaniel photo in a sunbed
Muzzle: wide and deep, square format. For proper balance, the distance from the transition to the nose should be equal to half the distance from the transition to the base of the skull.
Lips: The upper lip is full and of sufficient depth to close the lower jaw.
Jaws / Teeth: the scissor bite is correct, the jaws are rectangular and even. Teeth strong, white, good size.
Cheeks: moderate, not convex.
Eyes: round and full, looking strictly forward, almond-shaped. The color is dark brown, the darker the better. Spaniel eyes must not be recessed or bulged.
Ears: hanging, long, densely covered with long hair, thin skin; the ears are set at the level of the line of the lower part of the eyes.
Neck: long enough to allow the nose of the spaniel to touch the ground freely, muscular, without suspension on the throat. It rises high from the shoulder blades, with a slight scruff and tapers at the junction with the head.
Top line: sloping towards the croup. The croup is muscular.
Back: Strong and gradually sloping from the shoulder blades to the base of the tail.
Chest: deep, should reach the level of the elbows; in front, the chest is wide enough to easily accommodate the lungs and heart, but not so wide as to interfere with the strictly rectilinear movements of the forelimbs. The ribs are deep and well curved.
Tail: the docked tail should continue the top line or be slightly raised; not too lifted up (like terriers) or down (shyness). In a lively state, the spaniel merrily wags its tail.
Puppy looks away thoughtfully
Puppy American Cocker Spaniel photo in a basket
Forelegs: parallel, straight, with strong bones, muscular, located close to the body and under the shoulder blades.
Shoulders: well laid back, forming an angle of the shoulder-joint articulation of approximately 90 degrees, which allows freedom of movement