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Russian hunting spaniel

Russian Spaniel is a medium sized hunting dog breed. Their close relatives are the English Cocker Spaniel and the English Springer Spaniel. A great helper when hunting for waterfowl. His task is to find the bird, raise it to the wing, after the shot of the hunter and his team, to feed the game.

Russian hunting spaniel
The history of the breed Russian hunting spaniel
At the end of the 19th century, various representatives of the Cocker Spaniel breed were brought to Russia. Unfortunately, these small squat dogs were not very suitable for the conditions of bird hunting in Russia. The hunters at that time had a great need for a hardy and unpretentious dog of small size.

At the beginning of the twentieth century, admirers of a new breed were selected for breeding of high-legged and temperamental individuals, brought from abroad springs, to mix blood with a diverse livestock. By the end of the 30s of the twentieth century, in Russia there were a large number of spaniels that did not fit into any group of such breeds. They had common features, although they were no longer cockers or springers, but they did not reach the Russian hunting spaniel.

The breeding of the new breed continued after the end of World War II, when various representatives of the spaniel genus began to be brought from abroad to the USSR. Due to the hard and hard work from the livestock and imported animals that survived the war, the breeders managed to bring out a new type – the Russian hunting spaniel.

1951 the first breed standard was developed that meets the requirements and requirements of hunters of the USSR. The 1966 standard is slightly modified. To date, the Russian hunting spaniel is very popular in Russia.

Description of the breed Russian hunting spaniel
Russian Hunting Spaniel – side stance
Pictured is a Russian hunting spaniel at an exhibition

The breed is recognized: RSC, FIC, UFC, NAKC, CKC, APRI (FCI not recognized).

Build: a little squat, strong.
Type of construction: dry.
Case: strong skeleton with well-developed muscles.
Chest: Broad, deep and long, with well-developed false ribs.
Withers: well developed, in males slightly higher than in females.
Back: straight, strong, wide, slightly sloping from the withers to the lower back.
Loin: Short, muscular, slightly arched.
Croup: broad, moderately long, muscular.
Belly: Tight.
Skin: dense, elastic, without folds.
Hunting breed sits on the grass
In the photo is a spaniel with a fixed look and expectation of a team

Head: moderately long, with an oval, slightly wide skull. The forehead is convex. Occipital tubercle weakly expressed. The superciliary arches are highly developed. The skull and muzzle lines are parallel. The transition from the forehead to the muzzle is markedly pronounced.
Muzzle: when viewed from above, a wide, slightly narrower cranium, closer to the nose, a slight narrowing is visible. When viewed from the side, the edge of the upper lip resembles a rectangle with a rounded rake angle. The nose and lips are light brown to black.
Teeth: Strong, well developed. Scissor bite, upper jaw closely overlapping lower.
Eyes: oval, large, straight eyelid incision. The color is dark or light brown, depending on the color tone of the coat.
Ears: hanging, long, wide, rounded at the ends, set along the cut line of the eyes or a little higher, fit snugly against the cheekbones. The end of a slightly stretched ear reaches the nose.
Neck: moderately long, muscular, low set.
Forelegs: dry, bony, straight, parallel. The angle of the shoulder-joint is about 100 degrees. The elbows are pointing back. The forearms are straight. Metacarpus voluminous, slightly sloping. The length of the forelimbs is equal to half the height of the spaniel at the withers.
Hind limbs: straight, parallel, set, wider than the front. The joint angle is well defined. Tibiae short, obliquely set. Metatarsus voluminous, directly set.
Movement: light, free.
Feet: Rounded, arched, with fingers tightly clenched into a lump.
Tail: thick at the base, mobile, straight. Docked in half its length. Keeps almost on the line of the back.
Coat: long, soft, straight or slightly wavy, tight-fitting. On the head and legs, short and straight. On the neck, back, on the sides, on the croup is long, thick.
On the bottom of the chest and abdomen, on the back of the front and hind legs, on the ears, the lower part of the tail is long, wavy, forms fossa and suspension. Thick hair also grows between the fingers.

The color of the Russian hunting spaniel
One-color (solid) color (completely without white marks, or with marks in clearly defined places – on the forehead, muzzle, throat, chest, stomach, legs, tail end).

Black (wool is smooth, straight)
Brown, chocolate (manifested in the absence of black pigment. Eyes and nose are brown. The coat is thick, long, soft. A dense cap is often formed on the head, on the back and extremities thick and dense)
Red (color from light fawn to dark red. Nose – black, brown; eyes dark brown.

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